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TOOTH SENSITIVITY

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What is Tooth Sensitivity?

Tooth sensitivity is a general term for dentin sensitivity or root sensitivity. If hot, cold, sweet, sour or highly acidic foods and drinks or cold weather conditions cause your teeth to be sore or sensitive, that means your teeth are sensitive.

Is Tooth Sensitivity A Common Situation?

Tooth sensitivity is a highly common condition nowadays.

What Causes Tooth Sensitivity?

Tooth sensitivity usually occurs as a result of exposure of dentin tissue in areas close to the tooth root due to gum disease or gum recession. In the root of the tooth, there is no protective tooth layer such as enamel in the crown part of the tooth. Instead, a very soft layer called cementum covers the roots. As a result of the loss of this layer, dentin in the tooth root can be exposed. Incorrect and harsh brushing or using toothpaste with a high rate of abrasive can cause erosion of tooth enamel and exposure of dentine tissue. The consumption of acidic foods such as pickles can cause tooth erosion and can expose the dentin layer. It is important that you inform your dentist about your tooth sensitivity. Your dentist determines whether the problem is dentin sensitivity by examining and recommends the appropriate treatment for you. If your teeth are sensitive, brushing can turn into a nightmare. Conversely, if you brushless because your teeth are sore, there is a higher risk of gum disease and tooth decay.

 

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Why Does the Exposed Dentin Hurt?

Dentin consists of thousands of small ducts can only be seen with a microscope. These ducts start from the tooth surface, pass through the dentin and extend to the nerve in the middle of the tooth (the pulp). These ducts are filled with liquid; after hot or cold foods and drinks, this fluid moves and affects the tooth’s nerve and causes pain.

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Can I Prevent Tooth Sensitivity?

You can reduce the risk of tooth sensitivity, gum disease and gum recession by keeping your mouth clean. You can reduce the risk of tooth sensitivity if you brush your teeth, floss and use low abrasive toothpaste as recommended by your dentist. Likewise, tooth sensitivity can be prevented with a diet that does not contain too much acid. If you do not care about your sensitive teeth, you may experience different mouth problems, especially if you do not brush your teeth due to pain, gum diseases and tooth decay may occur.

What Should I Do If My Teeth Are Sensitive?

First, explain your problem to a dentist. Because he will determine the best treatment for you. It is important to understand whether your problem is more important than dentin or root sensitivity.

What Are Tooth Sensitivity Treatment Methods?
The Solution to Tooth Sensitivity

Tooth sensitivity treatment methods vary according to the condition and cause of sensitivity; The treatment of caries sensitivity is performed with filling and deep caries sensitivity treatment that causes severe pain and sensitivity is performed with root canal treatment. Fillers or coatings may be preferred for sensitivity due to fractures. In cases of sensitivity due to gingival recession gum treatments, in cases of sensitivity caused by squeezing, closing the wear that has formed and night plaque treatments are performed. Renewing the procedures in cases of sensitivity caused by poorly made fillings and restorations will prevent sensitivity. Special treatment methods can remedy tooth sensitivity in cases of sensitivity caused by enamel cracks.

Do Toothpastes Available On The Market For Tooth Sensitivity Have A Positive Effect On Sensitivity?

Without a cause of tooth sensitivity and treatment, desensitizing pastes will not be enough. They can be recommended by the doctor in addition to the treatment protocol. However, they can of course be used as a protector before sensitivity occurs.

Herbal Solution for Tooth Sensitivity

Under the name of natural remedies found on the internet, things such as carbonate salt and various oils are suggested for tooth sensitivity, is it correct to apply them? Does it harm my teeth? When it comes to health, it is useful to stay away from everything that is unknown and does not have a doctor’s advice. It is also very helpful for dentists to decide whether these things are beneficial&harmful or how to find a solution to your sensitivity.

WHAT CAN OTHER SOLUTIONS BE?

1. Use Desensitizing Toothpaste

Tooth sensitivity caused by tooth enamel erosion or gum recession, unfortunately, cannot be eliminated by filling your teeth. Instead, brush your teeth with a desensitizing toothpaste. These types of toothpaste, which you can buy from the market, contain substances that reduce sensitivity by filling the ducts (tubules) in dentin.

Before going to bed, rub some of your toothpaste on your finger or on a small cotton cloth and try to spread it on the sensitive spots. Do not wet your toothbrush while brushing, let the toothpaste foam with your saliva. Normally, this is the right way to brush your teeth. Spit, but do not rinse. In a few weeks you will feel the sensitivity of your teeth decreases.

Pastes with a high fluoride content and pastes containing nitrate, and even more recently, pastes containing arginine, have promising results in this issue.

2.Try Mouthwashes Containing Fluoride

Over-the-counter, fluoride-containing mouthwashes; which you can find in every pharmacy or grocery store, can help reduce sensitivity, especially in people with caries problems. Use these mouthwashes once or twice a day;

Swish it in your mouth,
Spit for about 1 minute or later,
and don’t eat or drink anything for at least 30 minutes.

People with sensitive teeth sometimes need a stronger fluoride-containing mouthwash or gel than those available in the grocery store. For example, some treatments for gum diseases (such as root correction that reduce plaques) can make sensitive teeth even more reactive. In such cases, dentists can recommend a special fluoride gel to eliminate the problem.

3.Keep Your Teeth Clean

Plaques, which are white adherent substances that form on the teeth, produce an acid that irritates the teeth, especially if your dentures are naturally sensitive. You can fight with plaques every day by brushing your teeth at least twice a day. You will get a more positive result if you do this preferably at least 30 minutes after eating and before going to bed. In addition, do not forget to floss your teeth at least once a day.

4.Use A Soft Toothbrush

People often develop tooth sensitivity by damaging protective tooth enamel, brushing their teeth too hard, or using hard toothbrushes. When the gums are recessed, unprotected dentin becomes more fragile to toothbrush abrasion. Therefore, use a soft toothbrush and apply very light pressure while brushing your teeth. Soft touches will allow the brush to move freely and brush your teeth more effectively. There are very qualified products in the market in this regard. You can consult your dentist for product advice.

Zehra Ebrar ŞİMŞEK

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REFERENCES

Diş Hassasiyeti

Diş Hassasiyeti Tedavisi

https://www.colgate.com/tr-tr/oral-health/conditions/tooth-sensitivity/what-is-tooth-sensitivity

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