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Characteristics of Renaissance Art

Characteristics of Renaissance Art


Renaissance is a period that has an impact all over the world in many ways. Art was one of the parts where its greatest effects were seen. Also, a lot of changes in art took place during these periods. Renaissance artwork, painting, sculpture, and literature produced during this period under the combined influences of increased attention to nature, and a greater individualistic view of human. There are some characteristics of renaissance artwork. Now let us take a look at what are these characteristics.


The Renaissance period began with the effects of humanism. Since art was very active during this period, humanism influenced the art made at that time. In the Renaissance, artists highlighted concepts of aesthetic beauty and geometric proportions under the influence of humanism, and the effect of this situation was observed in many artworks. Indeed, human bodies and faces became more real, human faces started to mean different things. For instance, the children looked more like real children, not like human adults who had not grown up. Some artists who lived during the Renaissance and were seen on the effects of humanism are: Leonardo Da Vinci, Dante Alighieri, William Shakespeare



Leonardo Da Vinci                                          Dante Alighieri                                William Shakespeare



During the Renaissance, there were numerous advances in science, math, philosophy, and art. At that time, science and art influenced each other because artists were interested in many things. A few people see the renaissance as the birth of perspective in art because artists started to focus on perspective.

Linear perspective was created in this period. Linear perspective uses principles of math to realistically portray space and depth in art. It is not just a painting technique, it is the most significant technique of art with mathematical content and it is a symbol of a kind of art. Leonardo Da Vinci’s “Last Supper” is a good example of this.


Leonardo Da Vinci                                                                         Leonardo Da Vinci’s “Last Supper”




Renaissance artists introduced realism into their art. Realistic expressions were given to the human figures, be it in painting, architecture, or sculpture, and also the concept started to be called Realism. Even though known painters still painted religious themes, the saints in the paintings had realistic expressions.

In addition, artists used light and shadows to draw a person’s attention to a particular purpose in the drawing. They aimed at achieving the perfect realism we are able to see in real life. In other words, different techniques to make artists subjects look as they do in real life. They began to paint the power and the identity of someone as an individual.


Renaissance art focused on painting everything in its most realistic form. Renaissance artists aimed at making their drawings more natural, especially when painting people. Artists in this period were influenced by naturalism for these reasons.

During this period, many artists worked on human anatomy to reflect human beings in their natural form, and examples of this are seen. For example, Leonardo da Vinci was a Renaissance artist who set higher standards for painting and drawing bodies. He started painting anatomically correct bodies. Leonardo Da Vinci’s “Mona Lisa” is a good example of this.

In short, the Renaissance period was particularly rich in art. Many artists made their works during these periods. As it is observed, these works have similarities in terms of some characteristics. These characteristics are the basis of renaissance art and reflect the thoughts that were common at that time.

Leonardo Da Vinci’s “Mona Lisa”



name: Betül Aladağ and Mega Balishna
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